Skill development training is an appreciable initiative taken by the government of India. It has been initiated to empower women and educated unemployed youth of the nation. Skill development training schemes are fabricated of programmes carrying skill sets that are essential to make the youth more productive and employable in their workspace.
Intending to target the 65% of youth in the working-class group, these skill development trainings have been introduced. Skill development training allows an individual to learn, grow, and contribute to the economy of the country.
Concerned with the rising problems of unemployment, the government launched the Skill India Mission Programme. The only motive of bringing this programme into existence is to help the people focus on their work and enhance their technical expertise.
Launched to focus on upgrading the ability and skill set of the youth, the Ministry for Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) has been formed. Lately, the skill ecosystem has seen a few great policy interventions and reforms, which is re-activating the workforce of the country. These skill training schemes also contribute to preparing the youth to become able to get a suitable job.
Flagged off by our Hon’ble Prime Minister, various schemes have been introduced under the department of the Ministry for Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana is a skill development training program initiated by the government for the uniformity and remembrance of the skills of the individuals. This yojana is working to grant practical and vocational skills to the uneducated and educated unemployed youth of the country. The main focus is to help and support the people belonging to the economically weaker sections of the society.
Not only does this yojana provides aid to the struggling youth, but it also supports them in enhancing their skills and use them as a tool of their strength to grow and survive in the market. This yojana revolves around enabling the skill certification program for all the youth and helps them in achieving industry-relevant skills, which will help them in securing a better life.
The Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana also works to encourage the daily wage earners by rewarding them with financial rewards or monetary prizes and providing quality training.
Based on per person, the average amount for the appreciation reward is ₹8,000.
Daily wage earners– The daily workers who possess a standard level of skill will be rewarded as per the scheme. The average amount kept for workers falling under this category is between ₹2,000 to ₹2,500.
The Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana has been propelled in three tranches-
In the first phase, a target of distributing ₹15 billion was laid down.
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (2016 – 2020):-
Three training routes have been announced under this tranche:-
Short-term Training– Youth with no prior experience were trained.
Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) – Unemployed youth with prior or pre-existing skills were trained under this.
Introduced by the Government of India (1950), the “Craftsmen Training Scheme” is a flagship scheme that ensures a uniform flow of skilled workers in different trades for the domestic industry to uplift the industrial production training systematically (both in qualitative and quantitative ways). The idea behind this was to reduce unemployment amongst the educated unemployed youth.
This scheme was implemented via a network of 15,042 Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs), and these institutes are located across the country. The objective of this scheme is to render a skilled workforce to the industry in 138 trades.
Steps taken for improving the quality of the ITIs are as follows:-
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) is a scheme implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development. This yojana is a placement-linked skill development scheme introduced for the rural poor youth. It has been initiated by the National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) across the country.
Basic training is being given to each applicant undergoing the training under the DDU-GKY. It is compulsory basic training in Information Technology and is given for time duration of 80 hours. In the year 2019-20 (up to October 31st, 2019), 1, 27,918 candidates have been granted the training.
After the successful implementation of the initial phase of PMKVY (2015-16), its second phase (2016-20) was launched. The second phase of this yojana was launched by advancing up in both the terms (Geography and Sector) and also by greater calibration with the other missions of the government. A few such missions’ are- Digital India, Make in India, and Swachh Bharat. The yojana is associated with Common Cost Norms and has a total expenditure of ₹12,000 Crores.
Given below are the objectives of the second tranche of the scheme:-
Listed below are the key components:-
Short Term Training (STT):-
Aatmnirbhar Sena is a growing organization that stays engaged in the development work of the rural areas, women empowerment, skill development training, and human rights. At Aatmnirbhar Sena, we work to make layouts for the welfare of the people and help them in getting entitled to their rights by achieving a better livelihood.
Skill Development Training is the need of the hour as building skills helps the individual in improving their work efficiency by learning under various training courses. One such skill development training programme launched by the government of India is the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana. This yojana has been launched in three phases and focuses on providing free skill development training to the educated unemployed youth and school dropouts. This scheme is helping a lot of individuals in gaining efficient skills and gain better job opportunities. They are also able to make a better life for them.