Prime Minister addressed to the nation that has reached to become (Atmanirbhar Bharat) India as Self-reliant. In the future course of time, it would portray India as self-reliant nation. The definition of self-reliance means to change this globalised world. India’s culture considers a world as one family, contributing to progress in the whole world.
The magnificent building of India as self-reliant will stand on 5 Pillars, which are as follows:
Prime Minister announced the ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan (or India as Self-reliant India Mission)’ with an economic stimulus package worth Rs 20 lakh crores to achieve the mission. The package provides a new impetus to the country’s development journey and a new direction to India as Self-reliant campaign. The amount includes packages already announced at the beginning of the lockdown incorporating measures from the RBI and the payouts under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana.
India announced this Special economic and comprehensive package of Rs 20 lakh crore in five tranches. The first tranche was dedicated to supporting micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs). The reforms introduced in the second tranche aimed to provide relief to the poor, including the farmers and the migrant workers. The third tranche was focusing on introducing additional reforms for the agricultural sector. As part of the fourth tranche, the Government has announced reforms to provide impetus to sectors including coal mining, defence civil aviation and atomic energy. The fifth and final tranche focuses on healthcare and education.
The Government has taken various measures focused on getting back to work to make India as Self-Reliant. Following measures were announced to provide relief and credit support related to businesses, especially MSMEs.
All central agencies services like Railways, Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, and CPWD were extended up to 6 months to complete contractual obligations. It has included EPC and concession agreements.
State Governments were advised to invoke the Force Majeure clause under RERA. The registration and completion date for all registered projects were extended up to 6 months. Various statutory compliances under RERA will also be extended concurrently.
The pending income tax refunds to charitable trusts and non-corporate businesses and professions including proprietorship, partnership and LLPs and cooperatives shall be issued immediately.
The Government has taken several measures to ease the hardships faced specifically by migrant labours, street vendors, migrant urban poor, small traders self-employed people, small farmers and housing.
The short term and long-term measures to support the poor labourers, including migrants, farmers, tiny businesses and street vendors announced were as under:
The Government announced the following measures to make India as Self-Reliant:
Financing facility of Rs. 1,00,000 crore were provided for funding Agriculture Infrastructure Projects at farm-gate & aggregation points (Primary Agricultural Cooperative Societies, Farmers Producer Organizations, Agriculture entrepreneurs, Start-ups, etc.)
A Scheme worth Rs. 10,000 crore to promote the vision of Hon’ble Prime Minister ‘Vocal for Local with Global outreach’ will be launched to help 2 lakh MFEs who need technical up-gradation to attain FSSAI food standards, build brands and marketing.
The Government has launched the PMMSY for integrated, sustainable, inclusive development of marine and inland fisheries. Rs 11,000 crore for the activities in Marine, Inland fisheries and Aquaculture and Rs. 9000 crore for Infrastructure – Fishing Harbours, Cold chain, Markets etc. shall be provided.
National Animal Disease Control Programme for Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis launched with Rs’ total outlay. 13,343 crore to ensure 100% vaccination of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat and pig population (total 53 crore animals) for Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and for brucellosis.
Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund
An Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund of Rs. 15,000 crore will be set up, with an aim to support private investment in Dairy Processing, value addition and cattle feed infrastructure. Incentives were given for establishing plants for the export of niche products.
Promotion of Herbal Cultivation
The National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) has supported 2.25 lakh hectare area under cultivation of medicinal plants. 10, 00,000 hectare will be covered under Herbal cultivation in the next two years with an outlay of Rs. 4,000 crore. This will lead to Rs. 5,000 crore income generation for farmers.
The government has implemented a scheme for Infrastructure development related to Integrated Beekeeping Development Centres, Collection, Marketing and Storage Centres, Post Harvest & value Addition facilities etc.
The following structural reforms across Sectors, i.e. Coal, Defence, Civil Aviation, Mineral, Power, Social, Space and Energy Sectors paving the way for Atmanirbhar Bharat (India as Self-Reliant) were announced as under:
To boost growth, employment and bring technology, especially in exploration, enhance private investments and policy reforms in the Mineral sector.
Tariff Policy Reforms related to Consumer Rights, Promoting Industry, the sustainability of sector will be released, and Power Departments/ Utilities in Union Territories will be privatised.
The Government has enhanced the quantum of Viability Gap Funding (VGF) up to 30% of Total Project Cost as VGF by the Centre and State/Statutory Bodies. For other sectors, VGF existing support of 20 % each from Government of India and States/Statutory Bodies shall continue. Total outlay is Rs. 8,100 crores.
Predictable policy & regulatory environment to the private player have been provided. The private sector has allowed using ISRO facilities and other relevant assets to improve their capacities.
Research reactor in PPP mode for the production of medical isotopes shall be established to promote humanity’s welfare through affordable treatment for cancer and other diseases. Facilities in PPP mode to use irradiation technology for food preservation – to compliment agricultural reforms and assist farmers shall also be established.
The Government has been taking measures such as providing employment, support to businesses, Ease of Doing Business, and State Governments, as well as sectors such as Education and Health, to make India as Self-Reliant were announced:
Health Reforms & Initiatives
Public Expenditure on Health will be increased by investing in grass-root health institutions and ramping up Health and Wellness Centres in rural and urban areas. Setting up of Infectious Diseases Hospital Blocks in all districts and strengthening lab network and surveillance by Integrated Public Health Labs in all districts & block level Labs & Public Health Unit to manage pandemics.
Technology Driven Education
PM initiated eVIDYA, a programme for multi-mode access to digital/online education to be launched immediately. Manodarpan is an initiative for psycho-social support for students, teachers and families for mental health and emotional well-being. New National Curriculum and Pedagogical framework for school, early childhood and teachers will also be launched. National Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Mission ensure that every child attains Learning levels and outcomes in grade 5 by 2025 will be launched by December 2020.
Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan or India as Self-Reliant nation is an idea deserves to be understood, analysed, interpreted and adopted with positive mind-set. In the post covid era, the self-reliance in Indian economy is necessary for the survival, existence, and excellence by every Indian. As a citizen of this country, the onus lies on us to play the role as consumer, producer, distributor and trader.
We as Aatmnirbhar Sena possess an optimistic approach by embracing ‘Sab ka Vikas, Sab ka Sath and Sab ka Vishwas’. To make this a successful mission, we need to increase domestic saving rate necessary for investments to provide an impetus to the growth in the various sectors of the economy. It is believed that the domestic saving rate is capable of strengthening the economy in terms of all indicators of the performance of the economy, including the rate of investment, capital formation GDP, exports and GNP.