The GOBAR-DHAN Scheme is an extension of the Swacch Bharat Mission (Gramin), which aims to provide economic and resource benefits to the Indian farmers and households and create a cleaner village. A single gram of feces consists of millions of viruses, bacteria, and parasitic cycles and resulting in nearly 100,000 deaths of children below five years in India due to diarrhea.
Open defecation severely impacts the health of children, and they become susceptible to malnutrition, stunted growth, and opportunistic infections like pneumonia. Poor sanitation harms the lives of women and children, resulting in the slow development of a nation.
The Government of India, since 2014, has made remarkable progress in reaching the Open Defecation Free Targets, and it has declared 36 States and the Union Territories, 706 Districts, and over 603,175 villages as Open Defecation Free as of January 2020.
The Finance Minister, to improve the lives of villagers and to make Indian villages open defecation free, has announced in February 2018 the launch of the Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan (GOBAR-DHAN) scheme. The GOBAR-DHAN scheme shall benefit rural people at large and women in particular and also improve the health and cleanliness in the villages. The GOBAR-DHAN Scheme will support the waste recovery of biodegradable wastes and helps in converting such wastes into resources.
The implementation of the GOBAR-DHAN Scheme will be done by using the SLWM funding pattern of the SBM-G guidelines. The total assistance under the SBM (G) for SLWM projects will be worked based on the total number of households present in each GP. It will be subject to a maximum of Rs. 7 lakh for a GP having up to 150 households, Rs 12 lakh up to 300 households, Rs 15 lakh up to 500 households, and Rs. 20 lakh for the GP’s having more than 500 households. The funding will be provided by the central and the state government in the ratio of 60:40.
The Gram Panchayats that have not availed the benefits of SLWM funds will be eligible for the financial assistance under the GOBAR-DHAN Scheme.
The villages under the GOBAR-DHAN Scheme will be mobilized to create self-help groups (SHG) and creative societies to help in creating clean and green jobs initiatives. The key role in implementing the scheme will be played by the Gram Panchayats. Under the scheme, bio-gas plants will be set up at the individual or community level and also at Self Help Groups (SHG), and NGO’s like Aatmnirbhar Sena. It will regulate the fuel supply in the market for oil companies and accessible credit through government schemes and banks for new entrepreneurs.
Given below are the steps to proceed for GOBAR-DHAN scheme online registration-
Step 1- Visit the official website at- https://sbm.gov.in/Gobardhan/
Step 2- At the homepage, hit the “Registration” tab situated in the main menu as demonstrated here:-
Step 3- People can even click on the direct link at https://sbm.gov.in/Gobardhan/Registration.aspx# to open the GOBAR-DHAN Scheme online registration form as exhibited below:-
Step 4- In this online registration form, all the applicant farmers can enter their personal details such as name, e-mail ID, address details including a complete address, state/district/block/gram Panchayat/village, registration details like USER ID, enter mobile no, password, captcha code, OTP code.
Step 5- In the end, applicants can click on the “Submit” button to finish the GOBAR-DHAN Scheme online registration form 2020. Applicant farmers can make “Login” by using their username, password and can click on the “Log In” button after successful registration.
The Swachh Bharat Scheme is composed of the two main components to create clean villages- Creating Open Defecation Free (ODF) villages and to manage the solid and liquid waste in rural areas.
Over 3.5 lakh villages, 374 districts, and 16 states and UTs have been declared as (ODF) Open Defecation Free. It targets to enhance ODF-plus activities and measures to enhance solid and liquid waste management.
The GOBAR-DHAN scheme aims to implement 700 bio-gas units in different states of India in the year 2018-2019.
The impact of the GOBAR-DHAN Scheme is to create cleaner villages through a better system of solid waste management, to increase the income of rural people, create employment opportunities, and reduce the environmental impact.
The following are the objectives of the GOBAR-DHAN Scheme-
The GOBAR-DHAN Scheme has been proposed to cover over 700 projects across India in 2018-2019. Bio-waste can be harnessed as energy, fuel, fertilizer as the wastes like cattle dung, poultry droppings, excreta of pigs, crops and crops residue can produce biogas and create a clean fuel for cooking, lighting, electricity running biogas based engines, etc.
The GOBAR-DHAN Scheme will hugely benefit India as it is home to the world’s highest cattle population and produces over 3 million tonnes of dung, which will encourage the farmers to consider the dung as their source of income. In addition to this, the biogas generation will increase the self-reliance goals, which is the dream of our Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Self-reliance is not only the goal of the government, but our organization Aatmnirbhar Sena is also helping the government in achieving its objectives. The Aatmnirbhar Sena has a positive impact on creating village cleanliness and creates wealth by increased employment opportunities.